The most common grapes in the wines of Chile are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Carmenère, which has become the country’s signature red wine grape. Pinot Noir also has been planted and does well in cooler coastal vineyards. And while Chardonnay shows fairly well, it is Sauvignon Blanc that has the most potential to become a focus of white Chilean wine production.
Over recent decades, Chilean wine production has taken off and the country is now the fifth largest exporter of wines in the world. Most of its production comes from an 800 mile stretch of land near the geographical center of this long, north-to-south country positioned between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Andes Mountains to the east. Valle Central, Chile's most famous growing region, is located in the heart of that 800 mile stretch.