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Simply put, other than in rare instances, red Burgundy wines are usually made from the Pinot Noir grape and white Burgundy wines are made from Chardonnay. The wines are always 100% varietal as blending is not permitted. Other grapes like Gamay (red) and Aligote (white) are permitted in certain appellations and are labeled as such.
Common Burgundy wines are labeled "Bourgogne wine" or "Vin de Bourgogne" and almost always have the name of the grape, such as Pinot Noir or Chardonnay, prominently on the label.
The limestone escarpment that gives the entire Burgundy wine region its unique terroir is called the Côte d'Or. The most important wines of Burgundy in the Côte d'Or come from the sub-regions named Côte de Beaune and Côte de Nuits. As the wines of Burgundy have received increased in demand by consumers worldwide, wines from the Côte Chalonnaise, a small area to the south that was thought to be inferior in the past, are beginning to receive attention and have largely improved.
Wines from Chablis, Beaujolais, and the Maconnais are also considered Burgundy wines.